2014 marked the 50th anniversary of official Ethio-German development cooperation. During these years, Ethiopia has stepped up its efforts to overcome its position as one of the world´s poorest countries. Much success has been achieved, particularly in reducing extreme poverty and improving the health and education sectors. Ethiopia has had stable growth rates for years and is well on its way to achieving the majority of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG´s).
Germany supports these efforts in the context of bilateral cooperation and focuses on the following priority areas, in consultation with the Ethiopian government.
Vocational Training and Higher Education
Ethiopia invests heavily in education to lay the foundation for future development. The number of trainees, students, training institutions and the demand for qualified professionals in vocational and tertiary education has increased in recent years. Further efforts target the sector’s quality and labour market-orientation. Our aim is to expand the capacities of Ethiopian institutions to manage reform processes, and to improve the quality of teacher training. Next to capacity building, the support for vocational schools, universities and examination centres includes investments in infrastructure and equipment.
As a result of Germany's support,
- more than 50 vocational schools and universities offer new training courses and better practical training
- university curricula have been developed; more than 1200 lecturers have undergone training in university didactics.
Sustainable Land Management
Population growth and inappropriate farming methods put Ethiopia’s rural population in highland regions at risk of food insecurity. Germany supports its Ethiopian partners (from the federal down to the local level) on resource conservation, agricultural methods and approaches in participatory rural development and forest management.
As a result of Germany's support,
- over 180,000 hectares of degraded land were taken back into productive use through sustainable farming methods. 194,000 households benefit from this measure.
- the area of irrigated land used by small farmers has increased, helping farmers to expand their production.
Food insecurity also endangers the rural, mainly pastoral population in Ethiopia’s lowlands. Climate change, droughts and floods, degradation of land as well as demographic pressure are among the main factors.
German development cooperation contributesto improving access to natural resources such as water, land and pastures enabling their more intensified and sustainable use. This strengthens the drought resilience of affected communities.
Germany supports the Agricultural Growth Programme of Ethiopia through activities for agricultural training, improved seeds, agricultural innovation and value chains.
Conservation and Sustainable Use of Natural Resources; Biodiversity
Ethiopia is a regional hotspot for biodiversity. Althought the Ethiopian Government has recognized this potential and already put 14% of the country's area under protection, Ethiopia's biodiversity is still threatened. The variety of species (flora and fauna) has dramatically decreased over the previous decades, inter alia due to climate change, effects of population growth, lack of alternative livelihoods and competing forms of land use.
Ethio-German development cooperation will focus on conserving and making sustainable use of biodiversity. Future interventions include support for protected areas in national parks, support for national or cross-border biosphere reserves, forest conservation and support for the work of the Ethiopian Institute of Biodiversity.
Other Areas of Cooperation
National Qualification Infrastructure (NQI)
The National Quality Infrastructure (NQI) guarantees reliable industry standards and norms in order to ensure high-quality products are available for Ethiopian consumers and the export sector. The NQI organisations take international standards and guidelines as their point of reference, e.g. for certifying Ethiopian products. That way, the Ethiopian industry is supported in increasing its competitiveness on international markets.
Urban Development and Decentralisation (UGDP)
Cities deliver efficient and effective services through self-governed funding and an improved public infrastructure. They involve the population in decision-making processes, give rural regions incentive for development and improve the enabling environment for economic growth and job creation.
Civil Peace Service (CPS)
Conflict transformation and prevention capacities among national, regional and local actors have been strengthened enabling them to independently resolve existing and rising conflicts in Ethiopia.
Promotion of Renewable Energies
Conditions in Ethiopia’s energy sector shall be improved. Lower-income households, social facilities and small and medium-sized enterprises in particular should gain sustainable access to modern energy technologies and Services.
NGOs in Ethiopia
Beside state Development and Cooperation, the German Government promotes additionally projects of NGOs, churchly organizations and political foundations with focus on Rural Development, Health, Water Supply and Education, as well as development-partnerships with the private economy. The responsibility of the implementation of these projects lays entirely in the non-governmental Organization. Despite receiving grants from the German Government, they remain independent.
German NGOs, that want to become active in Ethiopia, are under the Ethiopian legislation and must register by the competent authorities. The competent law was approved in 2009 and is restrictive, many NGOs have problems to fulfill the legal requirements
Ethiopia is one of Germany´s priority partner countries in development cooperation. Germany has committed more than € 120 million from 2015 to 2017. The toal volume of bilateral cooperation since 1964 amounts to more than € 1 Billion.
Instruments and Institutions
Germany applies the full range of financial and technical cooperation in Ethiopia. These include advisory services, capacity building, expert support as well as investments in infrastructure, equity, grants and wide-ranging Training.
In addition, German support is channelled through multilateral organisations like the European Union (with about 20% of its funding coming from Germany), United Nations, World Bank and African Development Bank